The U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
PEPFAR is the U.S. Government initiative to support partner nations around the world in responding to HIV/AIDS. It was launched in 2003, and is the largest commitment by any nation to combat a single disease internationally in history. Through PEPFAR, the U.S. Government has committed approximately $32 billion to bilateral HIV/AIDS programs, the Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and bilateral TB programs through Fiscal Year (FY) 2010.
The human impact of America's investments in partner nations' efforts is profound. PEPFAR has directly supported life-saving antiretroviral treatment for over 2.4 million men, women and children as of September 2009. PEPFAR has directly supported more than 11 million people with care and support programs, including more than 4 million orphans and vulnerable children, through FY 2009. PEPFAR's efforts around prevention of mother-to-child transmission programs have allowed nearly 340,000 babies of HIV-positive mothers to be born HIV-free, including nearly 100,000 in FY 2009. PEPFAR is the cornerstone and largest component of the President's Global Health Initiative.
The President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI)
The President’s Malaria Initiative is a historic $1.2 billion, five-year expansion of U.S. Government resources to reduce the intolerable burden of malaria and help relieve poverty on the African continent. The goal of PMI is to reduce malaria-related deaths by 50 percent in 15 countries with a high burden of malaria by expanding coverage of four highly effective malaria prevention and treatment measures to 85 percent of the most vulnerable populations - pregnant women and children under five years of age
Feed the Future Initiative (FTF)
Feed the Future, the U.S. government's global hunger and food security initiative, renews U.S. Government commitment to invest in sustainably reducing hunger and poverty. President Obama's pledge of at least $3.5 billion for agricultural development and food security over three years helped to leverage and align more than $18.5 billion from other donors in support of a common approach to achieve sustainable food security. This common approach builds upon the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action – agreements that embody the international commitment to increase efforts to harmonize, align, and manage aid for results.
Feed the Future is part of a determined strategic and analytical approach to accelerate progress toward the Millennium Development Goal of halving the proportion of people living in extreme poverty and suffering from hunger by 2015. FTF also reflects the American tradition of innovation and entrepreneurship. The USG will innovate by finding new ways to leverage science and technology, creating a focused vision, and encouraging new kinds of collaboration as USG-supported programs build flexible partnerships with a broad range of partners, including the private sector.
The Neglected Tropical Disease Initiative (NTD)
The U.S. Agency for International Development's Neglected Tropical Disease control program began in 2006 in response to a Congressional earmark of $15 million per year. The program represents one of the first global efforts to integrate existing disease-specific treatment programs to control diseases. In fiscal year 2008, USAID’s NTD program worked in eight countries – Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Uganda, Haiti, Sierra Leone, and Southern Sudan. In early FY 2009, the program expanded to Nepal, Bangladesh, Tanzania, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
This highly successful program is making a large-scale, cost-effective contribution to the global effort to reduce the economic and epidemiological burden of NTDs. In its first year of implementation, it distributed more than 36 million treatments to more than 14 million people. In its second year, approximately 57 million treatments were delivered to more than 27 million people. Building on the success of USAID’s NTD control program, in February 2008, former President Bush announced the new Neglected Tropical Disease Initiative and pledged to make available $350 million over 5 years to deliver integrated NTD treatment to 300 million people in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
This 5-year initiative seeks to increase the United States' commitment to NTDs from its current $15 million per year, and will expand the targeted number of countries from 10 in 2008 to approximately 30 by 2013. The U.S. Government is preparing to rapidly scale up this integrated approach and has already expanded to 12 countries.